Five representative publications:(click to expand):

Peer-reviewed journal publications:

(Ph.D. advisees underlined, undergraduate students double underlined)

  1. Stephens G. L., P. Pilewskie, O. V. Kalashnikova, J. J. Gristey, D. R. Thompson, X. L. Huang, M. Lebsock, S. Schmidt, The spectral nature of Earth’s reflected radiation: measurement and science applications, Frontiers in Remote Sensing,, in press.
  2. L’Ecuyer, T. and the entire PREFIRE science team (including X.L. Huang), The Polar Radiant Energy in the Far InfraRed Experiment:  A New Perspective on Polar Longwave Energy Exchanges, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society,, in press.
  3. Jing, X. W., X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, D. L. Wu, P. Pilewskie, O. Coddington, E. Richard, Direct influence of solar spectral irradiance on the high-latitude surface climate, Journal of Climate, 34(10), 4145–4158,, 2021. [News coverages on this study, NASA, SciTechDaily,]
  4. Palchetti, L. and the entire FORUM science team (including X.L. Huang), FORUM: unique far-infrared satellite observations to better understand how Earth radiates energy to spaceBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 101 (12), E2030–E2046,, 2020.
  5. Chen, Y.-H., X. L. Huang, P. Yang, C.-P. Kuo, X. H. Chen, Seasonal Dependent Impact of Ice-Cloud Longwave Scattering on the Polar Climate, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(23), e2020GL090534,, 2020.
  6. Fan, C. X. and X. L. Huang, Satellite-observed changes of surface spectral reflectances due to solar farming and the implication for radiation budget, Environmental Research Letters, 15(11), 114047,, 2020.
  7. Murray, J., H. Brindley, S. Fox, C. Bellisario, J. Pickering, C. Fox, R. C. Harlow, M. Smith, D. Anderson, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, A. Last, R. Bantges, Retrievals of high latitude surface emissivity across the infrared from high altitude aircraft flights, JGR-Atmospheres, 125(22), e2020JD033672,, 2020.
  8. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, and L. L. Strow, Near-global CFC-11 Trends as Observed by Atmospheric Infrared Sounder from 2003 to 2018, JGR-Atmospheres, 125(22), e2020JD033051,, 2020.
  9. Saito, M., P. Yang, X. L. Huang, H. E. Brindley, M. G. Mlynczak, B. H. Kahn, Spaceborne Mid- and Far-infrared Observations Improving Nighttime Ice Cloud Property RetrievalsGeophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087491,, 2020.
  10. Peterson, C. A., Q. Yue, B. Kahn, E. Fetzer, X. L. HuangEvaluation of AIRS Arctic Cloud Phase Classification against Combined CloudSat-CALIPSO ObservationsJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(8): 1277–1294,, 2020.
  11. Kato, S., D. Rutan, F. Rose, T. Caldwell, S.-H. Ham, A. Radkevich, T. Thorsen, A. Viudez-Mora, D. Fillmore, X. H. HuangUncertainty in satellite-derived surface irradiances and challenges in producing surface radiation budget climate data recordRemote Sensing, 12(12), 1950,, 2020.
  12. Ren, T., P. Yang, C. Schumacher, X. H. Huang, W. Y. Lin, Impact of cloud longwave scattering on radiative fluxes associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the Indian Ocean and Maritime ContinentJGR-Atmospheres, 125(13),, 2020.
  13. Chen, X. H., X. H. Huang, Y. F. Cai, H. M. Shen, J. Y. Lu, Intra-day Forecast of Ground Horizontal Irradiance Using Long Short-Term Memory Network (LSTM)Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 98(5),, 2020.
  14. Pan, F., S. Kato, F. G. Rose, A. Radkevich, X. Liu, X. L. HuangAn algorithm to derive temperature and humidity profile changes using spatially and temporally averaged spectral radiance differencesJournal of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37(7): 1173–1187,, 2020
  15. Ren, T., P. Yang, G. L. Tang, X. L. Huang, E. Mlawer, Improved delta-Eddington approximation for optically thin cloudsJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 240, 106694, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.106694, 2020.
  16. Kuo, C.-P., P. Yang, X. L. Huang, Y.-H. Chen, G.S. Liu, Assessing the accuracy and efficiency of longwave radiative transfer models involving scattering effect with cloud optical property parameterizationsJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 240, 106683, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.106683, 2020
  17. Peterson, C.A., X.H. Chen, Q. Yue, X.L. HuangThe Spectral Dimension of Arctic Outgoing Longwave Radiation and Greenhouse Efficiency Trends from 2003-2016JGR-Atmospheres, 124, 10.1029/2019JD030428, 2019.
  18. Chen, Y.-H., X.L. Huang, X. H. Chen, M. G. Flanner, The Effects of Surface Longwave Spectral Emissivity on Atmospheric Circulation and Convection over the Sahara and SahelJ. Climate, 32(15), 4873-4890, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0615.1, 2019.
  19. Wu, K., J. N. Li, J. Cole, X. L. Huang, K. vo Salzen, F. Zhang, Accounting for Several Infrared Radiation Processes in Climate ModelsJ. Climate, 32(15), 4601-4620, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0648.1, 2019.
  20. Huang, X.L., X. H. Chen, Q. Yue, Band-by-band contributions to the longwave cloud radiative feedbacksGeophysical Research Letters, 46,, 2019.
  21. Yue, Q., B. H. Kahn, E. J. Fetzer, S. Wong, X. L. Huang, M. Schreier, Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Short-term Cloud Feedback on Global and Local Interannual Climate Fluctuations from A-Train ObservationsJ. Climate, 32(5), 1875-1893, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0335.1, 2019.
  22. Pan, F., X. L. HuangThe spectral dimension of modeled relative humidity feedbacks in the CMIP5 experimentsJ. Climate, 31 (24), 10021-10038, 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0491.1, 2018.
  23. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, X. Q. Dong, B. K. Xi, E. Dolinar, N. Loeb, S. Kato, P, Stackhouse, M. Bosilovich, Using AIRS and ARM SGP clear-sky observations to evaluate meteorological reanalyses: a hyperspectral radiance closure approach, JGR-Atmospheres, 123 (20), 11720-11734, 10.1029/2018JD028850, 2018.
  24. Aumann, H. H., X. H. Chen, E. Fishbein, A. Geer, S. Havemann, X. L. Huang, X. Liu, G. Liuzzi, S. DeSouza‐Machado, E. M. Manning, G. Masiello, M. Matricardi, I. Moradi, V. Natrai, C. Serio, L. L. Strow, J. Vidot, R. C. Wilson, W. Wu, Q. G. Yang, Y. L. Yung, Evaluation of Radiative Transfer Models with CloudsJGR-Atmospheres, 123(11), 6142-6157, doi:10.1029/2017JD28073, 2018.
  25. Tang, G. L., P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, X. L. Huang, E. J. Mlawer, B. A. Baum, M. D. King, Improvement of the simulation of cloud longwave scattering in broadband radiative transfer modelsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(7), 2217-2233, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0014.1, 2018.
  26. Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. J. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. L. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Y. Su, S.-H. Ham, Surface Irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Data ProductJ. Climate, 31(11), 4501-4527, doi:10.175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1, 2018.
  27. Huang, X. L., X. H. Chen, M. G. Flanner, P. Yang, D. Feldman, C. Kuo, Improved representation of surface spectral emissivity in a global climate model and its impact on simulated climateJ. Climate, 31(9), 3711-3727, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0125, 2018.
  28. Flanner, M. G., X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, G. Krinner, Climate response to negative greenhouse gas forcing in polar winterGeophysical Research Letters, 45, 1997–2004., 2018.
  29. Kuo, C., D. R. Feldman, X. L. Huang, M. G. Flanner, P. Yang, X. H. Chen, Time-Dependent Cryospheric Longwave Surface Emissivity Feedback in the Community Earth System ModelJGR-Atmospheres, 123., 2018.
  30. DeSouza-Machado S., L. L. Strow, A. Tangborn, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, X. Liu, W. Wu, Q. G. Yang, Single Footprint Retrievals for AIRS using a Fast Two Slab Cloud-Representation Model and All-Sky Radiative Transfer AlgorithmAtmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11, 529-550,, 2018.
  31. Kuo, C.-P., P. Yang, X. L. Huang, D. Feldman, M. Flanner, C. Kuo, E. Mlawer, Impact of Multiple Scattering on Longwave Radiative Transfer Involving CloudsJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9,, 2017.
  32. Bellisario, C., H. E. Brindley, J. E. Murray, A. Last, J. Pickering, C. Harlow, S. Fox, C. Fox, M. Smith, D. Anderson, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, Retrievals of the Far Infrared emissivity of snow over the Greenland Plateau using the Tropospheric Airborne Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TAFTS)JGR-Atmosphere, 122,, 2017.
  33. Pan, F., X. L. Huang, S. S. Leroy, P. Lin, L. L. Strow, Y. Ming, V. Ramaswamy, The stratospheric changes inferred from 10 years of AIRS and AMSU-A radiancesJ. Climate, 30, 6005-6016, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0037.1, 2017.
  34. Liu, X., W. Wu, B. A. Wielicki, Q.G. Yang, S. H. Kizer, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, S. Kato, Y. L. Shea, M. G. Mlynczak, Spectrally Dependent CLARREO Infrared Spectrometer Calibration Requirement for Climate Change DetectionJ. Climate, 30, 3979-3998, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-1600704.1, 2017.
  35. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, C. Y. Jiao, M. G. Flanner, T. Raeker, B. Palen, Running climate model on a commercial cloud computing environment: A case study using Community Earth System Model (CESM) on Amazon AWSComputers & Geosciences, 98, 21-25, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2016.09.14, 2017.
  36. Chen, X. H., X. L. HuangDeriving clear-sky longwave spectral flux from space-borne hyperspectral radiance measurements: a case study with AIRS observationsAtmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, 6013-6023, doi:10.5194/amt-9-6013-2016, 2016.
  37. Kahn, B. H, X. L. Huang, G. L. Stephens, W. D. Collins, D. R. Feldman, H. Sui, S. Wong, and Q. Yue, ENSO regulations of far- and mid-infrared contributions to clear-sky OLRGeophysical Research Letters, 43, 8751-8759, doi:10.1002/2016GL070263, 2016.
  38. Huang, X. L., X.H. Chen, D. K. Zhou, X. Liu, An observationally based global band-by-band surface emissivity dataset for climate and weather simulationsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73, 3541-3555, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0355.1, 2016.
  39. Bantges, R., H. Brindley, X. H. Chen, X. L. Huang, J. Harries, J. Murray, On the detection of robust multi-decadal changes in the Earth’s Outgoing Longwave Radiation spectrumJ. Climate, 29, 4939-4947, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0713.1, 2016.
  40. Cheng, H. Z., X.H. Chen, X. L. HuangQuantification of the Errors Associated with the Representation of Surface Emissivity in the RRTMG_LWJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 180, 167-176, doi:10.1016/j.qsrt.2016.05.004, 2016.
  41. Chung, E.-S., B. J. Soden, X. L. Huang, L. Shi, V. John, An assessment of the consistency between satellite measurements of upper tropospheric water vaporJGR-Atmospheres, 121, 2874-2887, doi:10.1002/2015JD024496, 2016.
  42. Yue, Q., B. H. Kahn, E. J. Fetzer, M. Schreier, S. Wong, X. H. Chen, X. L. HuangObservation-based Longwave Cloud Radiative Kernels Derived from the A-TrainJ. Climate, 29, 2023-2040, 2016.
  43. Pan, F., X. L. Huang, H. Guo, L. L. Strow, Linear trends and closures of 10-year observations of AIRS stratospheric channelsJ. Climate, 28, 8939-8950, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0418.1, 2015.
  44. Huang, X. L., X. H. Chen, B. J. Soden, X. Liu, The spectral dimension of longwave feedbacks in the CMIP3 and CMIP5 experimentsGeophysical Research Letters, 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061938, 2014.
  45. Feldman, D. R., W. D. Collins, R. Pincus, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, Far-infrared surface emissivity and climateProceedings of National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1413640111, 2014.
  46. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, M. G. Flanner, Sensitivity of modeled far-IR radiation budgets in polar continents to treatments of snow surface and ice cloud radiative propertiesGeophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2014GL061216, 41(18), 6530-6537, 2014.
  47. Huang, X. L., X.H. Chen, G. L. Potter, L. Oreopoulos, J. N.S. Cole, D.M. Lee, N. G. Loeb, A global climatology of outgoing longwave spectral cloud radiative effect and associated effective cloud propertiesJ. Climate, 27, 7475-7492, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00663.1, 2014.
  48. Wang, C.P., Z. Luo, X.H. Chen, X.P. Zeng, W.-K. Tao, and X.L. HuangA physically based algorithm for non-blackbody correction of cloud top temperature and application to convection studyJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1844-1857. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0331.1, 2014.
  49. Chen, X.H. and X.L. HuangUsage of differential absorption method in the thermal IR: a case study of quick estimate of clear-sky column water vaporJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 104, 99-106, 2014.
  50. Wang, C.P. and X.L. HuangParallax Correction in the Analysis of Multiple Satellite Data SetsGeoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 11(5), 965-969, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2283573, 2014.
  51. Wielicki, B.A. and Co-authors of the entire CLARREO science team, Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in OrbitBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 94, 1519-1539. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00149.1, 2013.
  52. Chen, X.H., X.L. Huang, X. Liu, Non-negligible effects of cloud vertical overlapping assumptions on longwave spectral fingerprinting studiesJGR-Atmospheres, 118, 7309-7320, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50562, 2013. [AGU research spotlight on this article].
  53. Renno, N.O. and Co-authors of the entire CHASER science team, CHASER: Clouds, Hazards, and Aerosols Survey for Earth ResearchersBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 94(5), 685-694, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00239.1, 2013.
  54. Huang, X.L., H.W. Chuang, A. Dessler, X.H. Chen, K. Minschwaner, Y. Ming, V. Ramaswamy, Radiative-convective equilibrium perspective of the weakening of tropical Walker circulation in response to global warmingJ. Climate, 26(5), 1643-1653, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00288.1, 2013.
  55. Huang, X.L., J. N.S. Cole, F. He, G.L. Potter, L. Oreopoulos, D.M. Lee, M. Suarez, N.G. Loeb, Longwave band-by-band cloud radiative effect and its application in GCM evaluationJ. Climate, 26(2), 450-467, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00112.1, 2013.
  56. Chen, X.H., X.L. Huang, N. G. Loeb, H. L. Wei, Comparisons of clear-sky outgoing far-IR flux inferred from satellite observations and computed from three most recent reanalysis productsJ. Climate, 26(2), 478-494, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00212.1, 2013.
  57. Zhou, C., J. E. Penner, Y. Ming, and X.L. HuangAerosol forcing based on CAM5 and AM3 meteorological fieldsAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics , 12, 9629-9652, doi:10.5194/acp-12-9629-2012, 2012.
  58. Huang, X.L., N. G. Loeb, H.W. Chuang, Assessing stability of CERES-FM3 daytime longwave unfiltered radiance with AIRS radiancesJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29(3), 375-381, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00066.1, 2012.
  59. Loeb, N. G., S. Kato, W. Su, T. Wong, F. G. Rose, D. R. Doelling, J. Norris, and X.L. HuangAdvances in Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Variability from Satellite ObservationsSurveys in Geophysics, doi:10.1007/s10712-012-9175-1, 2012.
  60. Huang, X.L. and Y. L. Yung, Reply to Comments on “A common misunderstanding about the Voigt line profile”Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(1), 414-415, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0186.1, 2012
  61. Wang, C.P., Z. Luo, X.L. HuangParallax Correction in Collocating CloudSat and MODIS Observations: Method and Application to Convection StudyJGR-Atmospheres, 116, D17201, doi:10.1029/2011JD016097, 2011.
  62. Kahn, B.H., J. Teixeira, E. J. Fetzer, A. Gettelman, S. M. Hristova-Veleva, X.L. Huang, A. K. Kochanski, M. Kohler, S. K. Krueger, R. Wood, and M. Zhao, Temperature and water vapor variance scaling in global models: Comparisons to satellite and aircraft dataJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68(9), 2156-2168, 2011.
  63. Su, H., J. Jiang , J. Teixeira , A. Gentlleman, X.L. Huang, G. Stephens, D. Vane, V. Perun, Comparison of Regime-Sorted Tropical Cloud Profiles Observed by CloudSat with GEOS5 Analyses and Two General Circulation Model SimulationsJGR-Atmospheres, 116, D09104, doi:10.1029/2010JD014971, 2011.
  64. Chuang, H.W., X.L. Huang , and K. Minschwaner, Interannual variations of tropical upper tropospheric humidity and tropical rainy-region SST: comparisons between models, reanalyses, and observationsJGR-Atmospheres, 115, D21125, doi:10.1029/2010JD014205, 2010.
  65. Huang, X.L., N.G. Loeb, and W.Z. Yang, Spectrally resolved fluxes derived from collocated AIRS and CERES measurements and their application in model evaluation: 2. cloudy sky and band-by-band cloud radiative forcing over the tropical oceansJGR-Atmospheres, 115, D21101, doi:10.1029/2010JD013932, 2010.
  66. Keihm, S., S. Brown, S. Desai, W. Lu, C. Ruf, X. Huang, J. Teixeira, E. Fetzer, and Y. Yung, Ocean Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water Trends from 1992-2005 TMR DataJGR-Atmospheres, 114, D18101, doi:10.1029/2009JD012145, 2009.
  67. Huang, X.L., and H. Su, Cloud radiative effect on tropical troposphere to strato sphere transport represented in a large-scale modelGeophysical Research Letters, 35, L21806, doi:10.1029/2008GL035673, 2008. [Editor’s Highlight on Geophysical Research Letter]
  68. LinHo, X.L. Huang, N.-C. Lau, Winter-to-Spring Transition in East Asia: A Planetary-Scale Perspective of the South China Spring Rain OnsetJ. Climate, 21(13), 3081-3096, DOI:10.1175/2007JCLI1611.1, 2008.
  69. Huang, X.L.,W.Z. Yang, N.G. Loeb, and V. Ramaswamy, Spectrally resolved fluxes derived from collocated AIRS and CERES measurements and their application in model evaluation: 1. clear sky over the tropical oceansJGR-Atmospheres, 113, D09110, doi:10.1029/2007JD009219, 2008.
  70. Huang, Y., V. Ramaswamy, X.L. Huang, Q. Fu, and C. Bardeen, A strict test in climate modeling with spectrally resolved radiances: GCM simulation versus AIRS observationsGeophysical Research Letters, 34, L24707, doi:10.1029/2007GL031409, 2007.
  71. Huang, X.L., V. Ramaswamy, and M.Daniel Schwarzkopf, Quantification of the source of errors in AM2 simulated tropical clear-sky outgoing longwave radiationJGR-Atmospheres, 111, D14107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006576, 2006.
  72. Li, L., A.P. Ingersoll, X.L. HuangInteraction of Moist Convection with Zonal Jets on Jupiter and SaturnIcarus,180(1), 113-123, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2005.08.016, 2006.
  73. Natraj, V., X. Jiang, R.-L. Shia, X.L.Huang, J.S. Margolis, and Y.L. Yung, The Application of Principal Component Analysis in Fast, Highly Accurate and High Spectral Resolution Radiative Transfer Modeling: A Case Study of the O2 A-band, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 95(4), 539-556, 2005.
  74. Soden, B.J., D.L. Jackson, V. Ramaswamy, M.D. Schwarzkopf and X.L. HuangThe radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening, Science,310(5749), 841-844, 10.1126/science.1115602, 2005.
  75. Huang, X.L., B.J. Soden, and D.L.Jackson, Interannual co-variability of tropical temperature and humidity: a comparison of model,reanalysis data and satellite observationGeophysical Research Letters,32, L17808, doi:10.1029/2005GL023375, 2005.
  76. Huang, X.L., and Y. L. Yung, Spatial and spectral variability of the outgoing thermal IR spectra from AIRS: A case study of July 2003JGR-Atmospheres, 110 (6),D12102, doi:10.1029/2004JD005530, 2005.
  77. Huang, X.L., and Y. L. Yung, A common misunderstanding about the Voigt line profileJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 61(13), pp. 1630-1632, July 2004.
  78. Huang, X.L., J.J. Liu, and Y.L.Yung, Analysis of thermal emission spectrometer data using spectral EOF and tri-spectral methodsIcarus, 165(2), pp.301-314, October 2003.
  79. Huang, X.L., Y.L.Yung, J.S. Margolis, Use of High-Resolution Measurements for the Retrieval of Temperature and Gas-Concentration Profiles from Outgoing Infrared Spectra in the Presence of Cirrus CloudsApplied Optics, 42(12), pp. 2155-2165, April 2003.
  80. Huang, X.L.,J. Farrara, S. S. Leroy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Goody, Cloud Variability as Revealed in Outgoing Infrared Spectra: Comparing Model to Observation with Spectral EOF AnalysisGeophysical Research Letters, 29(8),doi:10.1029/2001GL014176, 2002.

Book chapters and other peer-reviewed publications:

  • Goody, R.M., Huang, X., 2015. Absorption and Thermal Emission. In: Gerald R. North(editor-in-chief), John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang (editors). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 5, pp. 5-12. ISBN: 9780123822253.
  • Renno and X. Huang, 2015, Radiative–Convective Equilibrium Climate Models. In: Gerald R. North (editor-in-chief), John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang (editors). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 2, pp. 102-104. ISBN: 9780123822253.